Peru’s Independence Day Revives Its Folkloric Heritage

Peru’s Independence Day falls on the 28th of July and was commemorated differently this time. In spite of the unfortunate situation, the country continues to impress us with its exotic arts.

A brief about Peru’s Independence:

In the 15th century, the Spanish colonized Peru. Afterward, in the 19th century, José de San Martín invaded Peru in 1821, occupying Lima (Peru’s capital) on the 12th of July. He announced the country’s independence in the City of the Kings (one of Lima’s nicknames) on the 28th of July 1821, in front of a crowd.

Lima (Photo Credit:

Nevertheless, three years later (1824), it was two battels that assured the nation’s liberation; these were Junín and Ayacucho.

Peru’s Independence & its  folkloric richness:

Today, the 27th of July, the Peruvian Ministry of Culture celebrated Peru’s Independence Day in a lovely way, broadcasting some of Peru’s folkloric treasure. Viewers enjoyed the event through the ministry’s Facebook page from the Grand National Theater “Symphonic Altarpiece – in chamber version”.

Photo Credit: National Folkloric Ballet’s Facebook Page

The  National Folkloric Ballet and the Bicentennial National Youth Symphony Orchestra created the show, under the artistic direction of Fabricio Varela and the musical direction of Pablo Sabat. Representing four regions of the South American country, the event had four parts.

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The Amazon Scene:

This scene included Io Patati, the Feast of the Tulumayos of Huánuco, and the Lamas Carnival of the area San Martín. The first choreography is a  ritual warrior dance, which was being performed before or after bloody battles between the native Amazon communities.

Photo Credit: National Folkloric Ballet’s Facebook Page

Tulumayos of Huánuco’s Feast is based on the celebrations of the Amazon community located between the Topa and Tulumayo rivers. It depicts men and women wearing masks designed to honor their descendants or their territory, gathering around large bonfires to protect themselves from the cold, and telling adventures through dance and music. As for the Lamas Carnival, it reflects a multicolored and a joyful atmosphere.

The Arequipeño Scene:

The scene portrayed the Arequipa Carnival, a celebration that later has become the city of Arequipa’s cultural representation. Renowned composer Benigno Ballón Farfán compiled the carnival’s music and 2018 saw his work recognized among the Cultural Heritage of the Nation.

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The Limeño Scene: 

This part comprised three artistic creations waltz, one-step, and polka. European and Amerian influences puzzled out the three of them and they developed at the end of the 19th century.

The Afro-Peruvian Scene:

Within the Afro-Peruvian cultural context, one of the most popular artistic performances is the Toro Mata. One of the Toro Mata’s most famous compilations is the version presented by Carlos “Caitro” Soto de la Colina, in 1973. Zamacueca is another Afro-Peruvian folklore. During the dance, the man flirts with the woman.

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Last but not least, spectators were entertained by Oita Nomá, a satirical dance with humorous movements. It depicts the daily work of black slaves during their domestic chores.

Don’t miss such a spectacular show! And enjoy watching it on